1.1. introduction of Drawing ड्राइंग की परिभाषा पूरी जानकारी हिंदी में

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INTRODUCTION:- आज के युग में Engineering Drawing बनाने का बहुत महत्व है और यह engineering line की महत्वपूर्ण साखा है | engineering drawing के द्वारा engineer अपने विचार drawing के द्वारा समझता है | किसी भी object का आकार कैसे भी हो सकता है उसके बारे में विचार करने के लिए engineering drawing का प्रयोग किया जाता है |  इसलिए engineering drawing को engineer की परिभाषा कहते है | इसलिए engineer object की रचना करता है और object की shape (आकार) और size के बारे में ज्ञान बताता है तथा समय भी बच जाता है |




What is Drawing in Hindi ?

The art of representation of an object systematic line on a paper is called drawing.

ड्राइंग क्या है ?

किसी भी object को line के माध्यम से Drawing paper पर बनाने की कला को drawing कहते है.


TYPES OF DRAWING ड्राइंग कितने प्रकार की होती है ?

ड्राइंग दो प्रकार की होती है | There are two types of drawing.
1. Artistic Drawing. (Free Hand or Model Drawing)
2. Engineering Drawing. (Instrument Drawing)


    Hindi Theory   

1. Artistic Drawing:- जैसे Painting , Cinema slide, Advertisement boards etc. की कल्पना द्वारा या वस्तु रखकर artistic के रूप में एक object को representation (प्रदर्शित ) करने की कला को  artistic drawing कहते है |

2. Engineering Drawing:- Engineering drawing में Buildings, Roads, Machines आदि को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को engineering drawing कहते है |



Types of Engineering Drawing ? Engineering Drawing कितने प्रकार की होती है ?

इंजीनियरिंग ड्राइंग 4 प्रकार की होती है.

(i). Mechanical Engineering Drawing or Machine Drawing.
(ii). Civil Engineering Drawing.
(ii). Electrical and Electronic Engineering Drawing.
(iv). Geometrical Engineering Drawing.

(i). Mechanical Engineering Drawing Or Machine Drawing:- Mechanical Engineering Drawing में machine, machine parts को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को mechanical engineering drawing या machine drawing कहते है |


(ii). Civil Engineering Drawing:- Civil Engineering Drawing में Roads, Buildings, Bridges, Dams etc. को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को civil Engineering Drawing कहते है |


(iii). Electrical And Electronic Engineering Drawing:- Electrical Engineering drawing में motors, generators, poles, towers, transformers, wiring diagrams etc. को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को Electrical Engineering drawing कहते है |


(iv). Geometrical Engineering Drawing:- Geometrical Engineering drawing में rectangle, square, Cube, cone, cylinder, sphere etc. को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को  Geometrical Engineering drawing कहते है | ये दो प्रकार की होती है जो कि निम्नलिखित है :-



Types of Geometrical Drawing - Geometrical ड्राइंग के प्रकार ?

(i) Plane Geometrical Drawing.
(ii) Solid Geometrical Drawing.

(i) Plane Geometrical Drawing:- Plane Geometrical drawing में हम दो dimension वाले object ही draw कर सकते है example: length and width | इसे 2D  drawing भी कहते है जैसे square, rectangle, triangle etc. को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को Plane geometrical drawing कहते है |


(ii) Solid Geometrical Drawing:- Solid Geometrical Drawing में हम three dimension वाले object draw कर सकते है example: length, width and height इसे 3D drawing भी कहते है | जैसे cube, prism, cylinder, sphere etc. को drawing paper पर दिखाने की कला को Solid geometrical drawing कहते है |


    English Theory   

1. Artistic Drawing:- The art of representation of on object such as painting, cinema slide, advertisement boards etc.  by the artistic by his imagination or by keeping the object before him is known as artistic.

2. Engineering Drawing:- The art of representation of engineering such as a buildings, road or machine parts etc. on a paper is called engineering drawing.




TYPES OF ENGINEERING DRAWING | इंजीनियरिंग ड्राइंग के प्रकार |

(i). Mechanical Engineering Drawing or Machine Drawing.
(ii). Civil Engineering Drawing.
(ii). Electrical and Electronic Engineering Drawing.
(iv). Geometrical Engineering Drawing.

(i). Mechanical Engineering Drawing Or Machine Drawing:- The art of representation of mechanical engineering drawing object such as machines, machine parts etc on a paper is called mechanical engineering drawing or machine drawing.


(ii).Civil Engineering Drawing:- The art of representation of civil engineering objects such as roads, buildings, bridges, dams etc on a paper is called civil engineering drawing.


(iii). Electrical And Electronic Engineering Drawing:- The art of representation of electrical objects such as motors, generators, poles, towers, transformers, wiring diagrams etc on a paper is called electrical engineering drawing or electrical drawing.


(iv). Geometrical Engineering Drawing:-The art of representation of geometrical objects such as rectangle, square, cube, cone, cylinder, sphere etc on a paper is called geometrical engineering drawing.



Types of Geometrical Drawing - Geometrical ड्राइंग के प्रकार ?

(i) Plane Geometrical Drawing.
(ii) Solid Geometrical Drawing.

(i) Plane Geometrical Drawing:- The art of representation of objects having two dimension example:- length and width such as square, rectangle, triangle, etc on a paper is called plane geometrical drawing.


(ii) Solid Geometrical Drawing:- The art of representation of objects having three dimension example:- length, width and height such as cube, prism, cylinder, sphere etc. om a paper is called solid geometrical drawing. It is also called descriptive or practical solid geometrical drawing.


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